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Sr. Executive / Executive, Production; THE IBN SINA PHARMACEUTICAL IND LTD

 World Autism Awareness Day - April 02, 2011
Update: 2011-04-02

Today is 2nd April, 2011 and this day is not like any other normal day of our life. Today the sun has risen with a new aspiration for a group of people who has been neglected since their birth. So it is our responsibility to stand beside them and make them feel that they are humans like us and have same rights to live like any other normal people. Today is WORLD AUTISM AWARENESS DAY and each of us must contribute to some extent to create some awareness on the disease Autism.

2nd April has been declared as WORLD AUTISM AWARENESS DAY on 18th December 2007 by the United Nations General Assembly adopted resolution "62/139". Since then this day is celebrated worldwide by the Autism organization of the respectable countries. The main resolution behind this day is to unite all the autism organization and the related organization to create awareness on autism worldwide; so that the disease can be easily diagnosed thus aiding in prompt treatment. Autism is a disease that can not be treated by medicine alone; it requires the support and love of the family members. This day also educates the family and friends how to take care of their beloved and unfortunate ones who are suffering from Autism.

Autism is one of a group of serious developmental problems called autism spectrum disorders (ASD) that appear in early childhood usually before age 3. Though symptoms and severity vary, all autism disorders affect a child's ability to communicate and interact with others. Children with autism generally have problems in three crucial areas of development social interaction, language and behavior. The symptoms of autism vary greatly; two children with the same diagnosis may act quite differently and have strikingly different skills. Though each child with autism is likely to have a unique pattern of behavior, these are some common autism symptoms:

Social skills
  • Fails to respond to his or her name
  • Has poor eye contact
  • Appears not to hear you at times
  • Resists cuddling and holding
  • Appears unaware of others' feelings
  • Seems to prefer playing alone retreats into his or her "own world"
  • Starts talking later than age 2, and has other developmental delays by 30 months
  • Loses previously acquired ability to say words or sentences
  • Doesn't make eye contact when making requests
  • Speaks with an abnormal tone or rhythm may use a singsong voice or robot-like speech
  • Can't start a conversation or keep one going
  • May repeat words or phrases verbatim, but doesn't understand how to use them
  • Performs repetitive movements, such as rocking, spinning or hand-flapping
  • Develops specific routines or rituals
  • Becomes disturbed at the slightest change in routines or rituals
  • Moves constantly
  • May be fascinated by parts of an object, such as the spinning wheels of a toy car
  • May be unusually sensitive to light, sound and touch and yet oblivious to pain
Autism has no single, known cause. Given the complexity of the disease, the range of autistic disorders and the fact that no two children with autism are alike, there are likely many causes. These may include:
  • Genetic problems: A number of genes appear to be involved in autism. Some may make a child more susceptible to the disorder; others affect brain development or the way brain cells communicate. Still others may determine the severity of symptoms. Each problem in genes may account for a small number of cases, but taken together, the influence of genes may be substantial. Some genetic problems seem to be inherited, whereas others happen spontaneously.
  • Environmental factors: Many health problems are due to both genetic and environmental factors, and this is likely the case with autism as well. Researchers are currently exploring whether viral infections and air pollutants, for example, play a role in triggering autism.
No cure exists for autism, and there is no "one-size-fits-all" treatment. The range of home-based and school-based treatments and interventions for autism can be overwhelming. Treatment options may include:
  • Behavior and communication therapies: Many programs have been developed to address the range of social, language and behavioral difficulties associated with autism. Some programs focus on reducing problem behaviors and teaching new skills. Other programs focus on teaching children how to act in social situations or how to communicate better with other people. Though children don't always outgrow autism, they may learn to function well with the disorder.
  • Educational therapies: Children with autism often respond well to highly structured education programs. Successful programs often include a team of specialists and a variety of activities to improve social skills, communication and behavior. Preschool children who receive intensive, individualized behavioral interventions show good progress.
  • Medications: No medication can improve the core signs of autism, but certain medications can help control symptoms. Antidepressants may be prescribed for anxiety, for example, and antipsychotic drugs are sometimes used to treat severe behavioral problems. The autistic patient needs our love, not piety. Let us all stand beside them not only in this very day, but forever to help them build a better life.
B.Pharm(North South University)
Research Executive, Viola Vitalis,Bangladesh.

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